What is HBOT and how does it work?

With the hyperbaric oxygen therapy we breathe 100% oxygen in a chamber, where air pressure is 3x higher than the normal atmospheric pressure.

In normal conditions, the greater part of oxygen is transported around the body bound to haemoglobin in erythrocytes. The smaller part of oxygen is dissolved in blood plasma. In the hyperbaric chamber the proportion of dissolved oxygen in plasma increases several times. Because this oxygen in plasma is dissolved, it is capable of entering into tissues where erythrocytes cannot enter, and thus ensures adequate supply of oxygen even in cases when the haemoglobin concentration is reduced or erythrocyte function is defective.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy increases the release of oxygen free radicals, which are highly reactive compounds, and have an important role in defence against pathogenic microbes. It stimulates the release of growth factor and stem cells, which are involved in healing of tissues.

What do we treat with HBOT

The hyperbaric oxygen therapy is used to treat a number of diseases:

  • air embolism
  • decompression sickness (divers)
  • CO poisoning
  • burns
  • crush injuries and restrictive syndromes
  • anaemia (large loss of blood)
  • sickle cell crisis
  • gangrene
  • skin infections
  • bone infections (osteomyelitis)
  • wounds which do not heal (diabetics)
  • late tissue injuries after radiation therapies
  • sudden vision loss (retinal centralis artery occlusion)
  • skin graft or lobes at risk of tissue destruction
  • necrotizing soft tissue infections
  • sudden idiopathic sensorineural loss of hearing
  • Meniere’s disease
  • multiple sclerosis
  • cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
  • sports injuries (tendons, ligaments, meniscus in the knee joint, spinal discs, bones)